See: The Forum & Photos

Thursday, December 1, 2011;  See also The Bridge (China2009), and China 2013

Professor Kostic is invited to present in China

his newly-developed fundamental concept-theories

at International Forum on Frontier Theories of Thermal Science *
< > * Featured in (PDF)*<>
Nature of Heat & Work Presentation and Abstract; The Second Law Presentation and Abstract

See: The Forum *Photos *Program *Feedback* Sightseeing, also Entransy*Shanghai Area 2009 Trip

Professor M. Kostic
Department of Mechanical Engineering
, IL 60115-2854, USA

Web site:
 SPEAKING Enquiry *

Milivoje Kostic, professor of NIU's Mechanical Engineering Department has developed new fundamental concept-theories regarding “Electromagnetic nature of thermo-mechanical mass-energy transfer,” and “Holistic generalization of the Second Law of Thermodynamics.”  Kostic’s developments have drawn attention of a prestigious group of international experts, and he has been invited to present a Keynote Lecture at “International Forum on Frontier Theories of Thermal Science” at Tsinghua University (Wiki), among the best if not the best institution in China, in Beijing, December 18-20, 2011.

The International Forum is open to the public but the speakers are by invitation only. In addition to renowned Chinese scientists, among the invitees are three speakers from the USA, one being Professor Kostic, and one each from the UK, Spain, Singapore and Japan. Kostic is also invited to present additional lecture-seminar at the Tsinghua University. All travel expenses will be covered by the International Forum’s organizer, sponsored by National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Education of China, Heat and Mass Transfer Society of China, and Tsinghua University whose researchers are world renowned in developing new theories in thermal science. The Forum topics include: (1) Thermomass theory; (2) Irreversible thermodynamics; (3) Nonlocal behavior during heat transfer processes; (4) Phonon gas-dynamics; (5) Entropy vs. Entransy; and (6) Applications in nano-systems and energy efficiency. 

Kostic’s keynote lecture is titled, “Electromagnetic Nature of Thermo-Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer Due to Photon Diffusive Re-Emission and Propagation. Photos, Presentation and Abstract *(EMTM-PRL-F) It is widely believed that thermal heat conduction and mechanical work transfer are “massless” phenomena. However, based on existing observations of electron-shell interactions and well-established phenomena and theories, including Einstein’s mass-energy equivalence and thermal radiation, Kostic has reasoned and deduced, that for a conduction heat transfer (e.g. through a wall) or mechanical work transfer (e.g. a rotating shaft), there has to be electromagnetic energy transfer (i.e., via photon propagation) and commensurate mass-transfer trough material systems involved, from a mass-energy source to a sink system. Actually, the deficiency of classical Fourier heat conduction theory (parabolic differential equation), allowing infinite speed of thermal energy propagation (i.e., a change of temperature at one location is felt at infinity instantaneously), is raised by Hyperbolic Heat Conduction Model, Relativistic Heat Conduction Theory, and Thermomass Theory, the latter also based on Einstein mass-energy equivalence with ‘thermon’ quasi-particle leading to inertia of heat transfer.

Kostic’s treatise may contribute to further understanding and generalization of electro-magnetic phenomena, including heat-conduction and mechanical energy transfer, and thus “fill the remaining gap” since all other phenomena, excluding gravitational and nuclear interactions, are due to the electromagnetic force interactions, namely all electro-chemical and thermo-mechanical phenomena, the latter as reasoned by Kostic. Based on simple, phenomenological, cause-and-effect conservation concepts and the mass-energy equivalence law, it is deduced by Kostic that conduction heat transfer and work transfer within material systems are photonic, i.e., electromagnetic in nature. The hypotheses posed, some thought-provoking, have additional objective to initiate further discussion with constructive criticism, and future research and applications in existing critical areas as well as emerging and novel applications, related to the conclusions deduced and open questions posed.

Kostic’s second presentation at Tsinghua University is titled, Holistic Reasoning and Generalization of the Second Law of Energy Degradation and Entropy Generation. Photos, Presentation and Abstract * Even today, the Second Law of Thermodynamics remains obscure, due to the lack of its holistic and subtle comprehension, and it continues to attract new efforts at clarification, including one developed by Kostic. The theory of classical Thermodynamics was originally based on thermal and mechanical energy transformations, but it has been expended to all different types of work and heat interactions and thus effectively became Thermo(multi)dynamics, the general energy science, considered by some to be “the Mather of all sciences.”

Any change/process is caused/requires mass-energy flux exchange, i.e., it is a forced displacement of non-uniform mass-energy in space, ultimately resulting in equilibrium. Therefore, the force concept is the cause-and-effect force-flux phenomena. In that regard the Newton’s Laws of motion and forces, which overlap each other, are special cases of more general Thermodynamic Laws, the latter have much wider, including philosophical significance and implication, than their simple expressions based on the experimental observations – they are The Fundamental Laws of Nature: The Zeroth (equilibrium existentialism), The First (conservational transformationalism), The Second (forced-directional, irreversible transformationalism), and The Third (unattainability of emptiness). They are defining and unifying our comprehension of all existence and transformations in the Universe.

The second law of Thermodynamics is among the most fundamental principles of engineering, science and nature. Since its discovery about one-and-a-half century ago, its status is generally considered supreme. However, the Second Law has came under unprecedented scrutiny during the last couple of decades by research groups worldwide. It caused some proponents of the Law to unnecessarily take defensive by restricting its validity to the isolated systems and global physical processes.

It is reasoned and deduced by Kostic that the Second Law is universally valid for all space and time scales, and without exceptions. During forced interactions (thus all processes) the momentum and energy are conserved at local scale and therefore at any integral space and time scales. However the momentum and energy are spatially redistributed in time and directionally equi-partitioned into ‘randomized’ thermal energy (dissipated via heat) giving rise to irreversible generation of thermal energy per absolute temperature, known as entropy. In reality entropy is always generated (in part or in whole) within locality of system structure, while otherwise and in limit it is conserved during reversible processes (without energy dissipation), but it cannot be destroyed since it will imply creation of non-equilibrium from nowhere or from within an equilibrium alone (without required forcing).

The Second Law is often challenged in biology, life and social sciences, including evolution and information sciences, all with history rich in confusion. Organization/creation of technical (man-made) and natural (including life) structures and thus ‘creation of local non-equilibrium’ is possible and is always happening in many processes while entropy is generated (never destroyed), using another functional structures (channeling/filtering, pumping, with tools, hardware/software templates, information-knowledge-"intelligent" templates, DNAs, etc.). However, the mass-energy flow/transfer within those structures will always and everywhere dissipate energy and generate entropy (according to the 2nd Law), i.e. on the expense of internal and/or surrounding/boundary systems' non-equilibrium. It may appear that the created non-equilibrium structures are self-organizing from nowhere, from within an equilibrium (thus violating the 2nd Law), due to the lack of proper observations and ‘accounting’ of all mass-energy flows, the latter maybe in ‘stealth’ form or undetected rate at our state of technology and comprehension (as the science history has though us many times). 

According to Kostic the miracles are until we comprehend and explain them!

More details are posted at: * EM-A*SL-A*H*

Brief Biography of the Speaker (more at:

Milivoje M. Kostic, Ph.D., P.Eng., Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Northern Illinois University, is a notable researcher and scholar in energy fundamentals and applications, including nanotechnology, with emphasis on conservation, environment and sustainability. He graduated with the University of Belgrade highest distinction (the highest GPA in ME program history), obtained Ph.D. at University of Illinois at Chicago as a Fulbright scholar, appointed as NASA faculty fellow, and Fermi and Argonne National Laboratories faculty researcher. Professor Kostic also worked in industry and has authored a number of patents and professional publications, including invited articles in prestigious energy encyclopedias. He has a number of professional awards and recognitions, is a frequent plenary speaker at international conferences and at different educational and public institutions, as well as member of several professional societies and scientific advisory boards. More at